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Basa de Dunya

Basa–English Dictionary

Aa

  • Áfrika pn. Africa Translingual root Africa
  • akdar n./a. green Ar. أخضر ’akhḏar “green”
  • Airland pn. Ireland English Ireland
    The word for Irish culture is the Gaelic-derived érinak.
  • Amérika pn. the Americas Translingual root American
    See amerikano for the culture of the Americas. See USA for the United States of America and amérikan for its culture.
    • Norteamérika pn. North America norte + ”
    • Sudamérika pn. South America sud + ”
  • amérikan a. American, pertaining to the culture and people of the United States of America Eng. American
    See USA for the country of the United States of America. See Amérika for the continent of the Americas and amerikano for its culture.
  • amerikano a. American, pertaining to the culture and people of the Americas Sp. americano
    See Amérika for the continent of the Americas. See USA for the United States of America and amérikan for its culture.
    • norteamerikano a. North American, pertaining to the culture and people of North America norte + ”
    • sudamerikano a. South American, pertaining to the culture and people of South America sud + ”
  • Antártika pn. Antarctica Translingual root Antarctica
  • arbol n. tree Sp. árbol “tree”
  • Ásia pn. Asia Translingual root Asia
  • Austrália pn. Australia (continent) Translingual root Australia
    For the country, see Ostreilya.

Bb

  • bai n./a. white (colour) Man. bái “white”
  • Barat pn. India Translingual root Bharat
  • bebiri n. a sheep Mal. bebiri “sheep”
    • bebirika n. ewe, a female sheep ” + -ka
    • bebiriti n. ram, a male sheep ” + -ti
  • bi v. be, prep. (expresses continuous aspect), -ing Eng. be
    • bi en v. be with, be at; to be in the possession of ” + -ti
  • blu n./a. blue Eng. blue, Sw. bluu “blue”
  • burju n. tower Ar. برج burj “tower, castle, constellation”

Cc

Dd

  • da a. big, large Man. “big, large, great”
  • dam n. blood Ar. دم dam “blood”, Sw. damu “blood, menstruation”
    • damni a. bloody, hæmic ” + -ni
  • dant n. tooth H–U दाँत دانت dānt “tooth”, Mal. danta “tooth”, Sp. diente “tooth”, Eng. dental
  • de prep. of, from Sp. de “of, from, about”, Man. de “of, that”
  • dira n. arm Ar. ذراع dhirā‘ “limb, arm, forearm”
  • doic a. (culturally) German, pn. the German language German deutsch “German”
  • Doiclant pn. Germany German Deutschland “Germany”
  • dosh num. ten (10) Bengali দশ dôś
  • dugu n. sibling Sw. ndugu “relative, sibling”
    • duguka n. sister ” + -ka
    • duguti n. brother ” + -ti
  • dukan n. shop, store Ar. دكان dukkān “dais, shop, store”, H–U दुकान دکان dukān “shop, store”, Sw. duka “shop, store”
  • Dunya pn. Earth, the world Ar. دنيا dunyā “mortal life, the world”, Sw. dunia “Earth, the world”

Ee

  • en prep. in, at, on (general locative) Sp. en “in, at, on”
  • er num. two (2) Man. èr
  • érinak a. Irish Irish Éireannach “Irish”
    The word for the island of Ireland is the English-derived Airland. The word for Gaelic culture is gelak
  • Europa pn. Europe Translingual root Europa

Ff

  • faras n. horse Ar. فرس faras “horse, mare”, Sw. farasi “horse”,
    • faraska n. mare, a female horse ” + -ka
    • farasti n. stallion, a male horse ” + -ti
  • ferma n. farm Rus. ферма ferma “farm”
    • ferma n. farm Rus. ферма ferma “farm”
  • Filastín pn. Palestine Ar. فلسطين Filasṯīn
  • filastiní a. Palestinian Ar. فلسطيني filasṭīniyy
  • funu n. woman Man. 妇女 fùnǚ “woman”
    • fununi a. female ” + -ni
      • funinidad n. femaleness, femininity, womankind ” + -(i)dad

Gg

  • gelak a. Gaelic Irish Gaelach, Scottish Gaelic Gàidhealach
    • érinak gelak a. Irish Gaelic, Irish-language érinak + ”
    • máninak gelak a. Manx Gaelic máninak + ”
    • skots gelak a. Scottish Gaelic skots + ”
  • go v. to go Eng. go

Hh

  • ha pr. He, she, they, it (third person singular) Ar. ـهَا -hā
    • has pr. They, them, their (third person plural)
  • hamsa num. five (5) Ar. خمسة khamsa
  • hand n. hand Eng. hand
  • hau a. good Man. hǎo “good”
    • haudad n. good, goodness ” + -(i)dad
  • hawa n. air Ar. هواء hawāʼ “air, atmosphere, void”, H–U हवा ہوا‎ havā “air, wind, atmosphere”, Sw. hewa “air”
  • hen adv. very, quite (intensifies adjectives and adverbs) Man. hěn “very”
  • hitam n./a. black (colour) Mal. hitam “black”

Ii

  • i conj. and Sp. y “and”, Rus. и i “and”
  • ila n. god, deïty Ar. إله ʾilāh “god, deïty”
    • Ila pn. God (monotheïstic)
    • ila’ismo n. theïsm ” + -ismo
      • erila’ismo n. ditheïsm er + ”
      • muco’ila’ismo n. polytheïsm muco + ”
      • no’ila’ismo n. atheïsm no + ”
        • no’ila’ista n. atheïst ” + -ista
      • wanila’ismo n. monotheïsm wan + ”
    • ilaka n. goddess ” + -ka
    • ilati n. god, a specifically male deïty ” + -ti
  • imara a. strong, tough, powerful Sw. imara “strong”
    • imaradad n. strength, power ” + -(i)dad
  • Ingland pn. England Eng. England
  • inglish a. English Eng. English
  • -ismo suf. -ism (forms nouns of tendency, belief, and ideology) Sp. -ismo, Eng. -ism, Mal. -isme, Rus. -изм -izm
  • -ista suf. -ist (one who follows a particular tendency, belief, or ideology) Sp. -ista, Eng. -ist, Rus. -ист -ist
  • it v. to eat Eng. eat

Jj

  • ja v. to come Sw. -ja
  • jolti n./a. yellow Rus. жёлтый zholtyʹy “yellow”
  • Jungwo pn. China Man. 中国 Zhōngguó “Chinese”

Kk

  • -ka suf. (forms feminine equivalents of nouns) Rus. -ка -ka, forming feminine or diminutive equivalents
    Compare with -ti. Should only be used when the gender of the referent is relevant.
  • kalima n. word Ar. كلمة kitāb “speech, statement, word”, H–U कलमा کلمہ kalma “word, speech, saying”, Mal. kalimah “word”
  • Kánada pn. Canada Eng. Canada
  • kaul v. to say, to tell, n. speech Ar. قال qāla “say, tell”, قول qawl “speech, saying”
  • ke prep. that, which, who Sp. que “that, which, who”
  • kepala n. head Mal. kepala “head”
  • kimréig a. Welsh Welsh Cymreig “Welsh”
    The word for the country of Wales is the English-derived Weils.
  • kitab n. book Ar. كتاب kitāb “written document, book”, H–U किताब کتاب kitāb “book”, Sw. kitabu “book”, Mal. kitab “book”
  • kultiwa v. to cultivate, to grow (a crop), n. cultivation, agriculture Eng. cultivate, Sp. cultivar, Rus. культивировать kul′tivirovat′
  • kud n./v. jump, leap H–U कूदना کودنا‎ kūdnā “to jump, to leap”
  • kup v. to buy, to purchase, n. purchase Rus. купить kupit′ “to buy, to purchase”
  • kwatro num. four (4) Sp. cuatro

Ll

  • lakin conj. but, however, except Ar. لكن lākin “but, however”, H–U लेकिन لیکن lekin “but, however, except”, Sw. lakini “but”
  • por por for Sp. por, Eng. for
  • lisan n. tongue Ar. لسان lisān “tongue, language”, H–U लिसान لسان lisān “tongue, language”, Mal. lisan “tongue, verbal communication”
    For the metaphorical meaning of “language”, see basa.
  • luna n. moon, natural satellite Sp. luna “moon”, Rus. луна luna “moon”, Eng. lunar
    • lunani a. lunar ” + -ni

Mm

  • mama n. mother
  • man n. man (male human) Eng. man
    • mani a. male ” + -ni
      • manidad n. maleness, masculinity ” + -(i)dad
  • mashrik n. east Ar. مشرق mashriq “east, sunrise”, H–U मशरिक़ مشرق mashriq “east”, Sw. mashariki “east”
    • mashrikni a. eastern ” + -ni
  • mi pr. I, me, my (first person singular) Eng. me, Sp. me
    • mis pr. We, us, our (first person plural)
  • moyo n. heart Sw. moyo “heart”
  • muco a. much, many Sp. mucho “many, a lot”, Eng. much

Nn

  • nam n. name H–U नाम نام nām “name”, Mal. nama “name”, Eng. name, Sp. nombre “name”
    • namni a. named, nominative, to do with names ” + -ni
  • nahodit v. find, discover, n. finding, discovery Rus. находить naxoditʹ “find”
  • nane num. eight (8) Sw. nane
  • nef num. nine (9) French neuf
  • Nihón pn. Japan Japanese 日本 Nihon
  • nihono a. Japanese Japanese 日本の Nihon no
  • no intj. no, adv. not, num. no, none Sp. no Eng. no
  • norte n. north Sp. norte “north”, Eng. north, Rus. норд nord “northern winds”
    • norteni a. northern ” + -ni
  • nyantu n. clay Man. 黏土 niántǔ “clay”
  • nyebe n. snow Sp. nieve “snow”

Oo

  • o pr./pre. this, that H–U او ocular
  • ogon n. fire Rus. огонь ogonʹ “fire”
  • oko n. eye Rus. око oko “eye (literary)”, Sp. ojo “eye”, Eng. ocular, H–U आँख آنکھ ānkh “eye”
    • okoni a. ocular ” + -ni
  • Ostreilya pn. Australia (country) Eng. Australia
    For the continent, see Austrália.
  • ostreilyan a. Australian Eng. Australian

Pp

  • papa n. father
  • paso n./v. step, pace Sp. paso “step, pace, pass”
  • pawan n. wind, breeze H–U पवन پون pavan “wind, breeze, air”, Mal. pawana “wind”
  • ping a. even, level, flat Man. píng “even, level, flat, a tie”
    • pingtana n. plain, flat terrain ” + tana
  • pioho n. louse Sp. piojo “louse”
  • pulau n. island Mal. pulau “island”
    • pulauni a. insular (relating to islands) ” + -ni

Rr

  • Rasía pn. Russia Rus. Россия Rossiya “Russian”
  • ruski a. Russian Rus. русский russkiy “Russian”
  • ren n. person, human Man. rén “person, people”
    • renidad n. humanity, humankind ” + -(i)dad
  • roho n./a. red Sp. red “red”
  • roti n. bread H–U रोटी روٹی roṭī “(flat) bread”, Mal. roti “bread”

Ss

  • shau a. small, little Man. xiǎo “small”
  • shesti num. six (6) Rus. шесть shestʹ
  • shing n. star Man. xīng “star, planet, stellar”
  • siti n. city Eng. city
  • Skotland pn. Scotland Eng. Scotland, Scots Scotland
  • skots a. Scottish, Scots Scots Scots
  • sol n. sun Sp. sol “sun”, Rus. солнце solnce “sun”, Eng. solar
    • solni a. solar ” + -ni
  • soyus n. union, v. unite, unify Rus. союз soyuz
    • Europa-Soyus pn. the European Union
  • sud n. south Sp. sud “south”, Eng. south, Rus. зюйд zyujd “southern winds”
    • sudni a. southern ” + -ni

Tt

  • -ti suf. (forms masculine equivalents of nouns) Burmese -ထီး -hti:, forming masculine equivalents
    Compare with -ka. Should only be used when the gender of the referent is relevant.
  • tana n. land (as opposed to water) Mal. tanah
  • tin num. three (3) H–U तीन تین tīn
  • tofali n. brick Sw. tofali “brick”
  • tu pr. you, thou (second person singular) Sp. , H–U तू تو , Rus. ты ty′
    • tus pr. you, y’all (second person plural)
  • tufaha n. apple Ar. تفاح tuffāẖ “apples”, Sw. tufaha “apple”
  • tuju num. seven (7) Mal. tujuh

Uu

  • USA pn. the United States of America Eng. USA
    See amérikan for the culture of the United States of America. See Amérika for the continent of the Americas and amerikano for its culture.

Ww

  • waktu n. time, period, moment Mal. waktu, Ar. وقت waqt, H–U वक़्त وقت vaqt, Sw. wakati
  • wan num. one (1) Eng. one
  • Weils pn. Wales Eng. Wales
    The word for Welsh culture and language is the Welsh-derived kimréig.
  • wes prep. all, whole, entire, pr. all, everything, everyone, everywhere… Rus. весь ves′ “all, everything, everyone”
  • weste n. west Eng. west, Rus. вест vest “western winds”, Sp. oeste “west”
    • westeni a. western ” + -ni
  • woder n. water Eng. water

Yy

  • yehudí a. Jewish Hebrew יהודי yehudi “Jew, Jewish”
    • yehudismo n. Judaism ” + -ismo
    • yehudí ren n. Jew, Jewish person ” + ren
  • yesho adv. still, yet Rus. ещё eshho “yet, more, still”
  • Yisraél pn. Israel Hebrew ישראל Yisra’el “Israel”
  • yisrelí a. Israeli Hebrew ישראלי yisr’eli “Israeli”