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Basa de Dunya

Orthography

Basa de Dunya uses a Latin orthography with 22 letters:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U W Y

The letters Q, V, X, and Z are only used in unassimilated foreign words.

There are five digraphs: the diphthongs ai, au, ei, and oi, as well as the consonant sh. When two letters that would normally form a digraph should be pronounced separately, they are separated by an apostrophe , as in no’ila’ismo /no.i.lä.ˈis.mo/ “atheism” — not *noilaismo /noɪ̯.ˈläɪ̯s.mo/, which doesn’t mean anything at all!

In imported geographic and cultural words, an acute accent is used to indicate which syllable the stress of a word lands on, if it isn’t on the penultimate: kimréig “Welsh” is pronounced with the stress on the -reig.

Table of letters and digraphs

All English equivalents are approximate; some aren’t exactly correct, but people will understand you nonetheless. They assume a relatively standard United States or British dialect.

Letter(s) IPA English equivalent
a /ä/ Like the u in nut
ai /äɪ̯/ Like the igh in sigh
au /äʊ̯/ Like the ou in mouth
b /b/ Like the b in bat
c /t͡ʃʰ/ Like the ch in chat
d /d/ Like the d in day
e /e/ Like the e in dress
ei /eɪ̯/ Like the ay in pay
f /f/ Like the f in finish
g /ɡ/ Like the g in gum
h /h~x/ Like the h in hand,
or like the ch in chutzpah or loch
i /i/ Like the ee in fleece
j /d͡ʒ/ Like the j in jump
k /kʰ/ Like the k in kitten
l /l/ Like the l in lamp
m /m/ Like the m in money
n /n/ Like the n in nose
ng /ŋ~ŋɡ/ Like the ng in bang,
or like the ng in finger
o /o/ (US) Like the o in tote,
(UK) like the aw in lawn
oi /oɪ̯/ Like the oi in point
p /pʰ/ Like the p in pit
r /r~ɻ~ɹ~ʁ/ Like the r in rain
s /s/ Like the s in second
sh /ʃ/ Like the sh in shine
t /tʰ/ Like the t in time
u /u/ Like the u in flute
w /ʋ~w/ Like the w in water
y /j/ Like the y in yellow