|Nasal||m /m/||n /n/||(/ŋ/)|
|Plosive||p /pʰ/, b /b/||t /tʰ/, d /d/||c /t͡ʃʰ/, j /d͡ʒ/||k /kʰ/, g /ɡ/|
|Fricative||f /f/||s /s/||sh /ʃ/||h /h~x/|
|Approximant||w /ʋ~w/||l /l/||(w)|
Variation from the above-listed pronunciations is entirely acceptable so long as one can still understand the speaker: the above table is inclusive, not exhaustive.
It is recommended to pronounce w as [ʋ] (much as in Hindi–Urdu and Indian English) to aid in the recognisability of roots which originally had a /v/ sound or similar.
The nasal n /n/ assimilates to a velar [ŋ] in front of g and k.
The cluster ng /nɡ/ can and should be pronounced as [ŋ] (aiding in the recognisability of many Mandarin and English roots); nevertheless, it is still treated as a consonant cluster for purposes of syllable structure.
Vowels and diphthongs
Basa de Dunya has five base vowel sounds: a /ä/, e /e/, i /i/, o /o/, and u /u/. As with the consonants, variation in pronunciation is entirely acceptable, as long as they are all clearly distinct.
It also has four diphthongs: ai /äɪ̯/, au /äʊ̯/, ei /eɪ̯/, and oi /oɪ̯/. These diphthongs are treated as a vowel followed by a consonant for the purpose of determining which syllable structures are permitted.
The syllable structure of Basa de Dunya was chosen as a compromise between ease of pronunciation and recognisability of roots. Valid Basa de Dunya syllables take the following form: